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Nuts for Nuts: New Research Suggests Nuts Improve Cognitive Function, Decrease Women's Risk of Colorectal Cancer

Nuts are a popular snack among the growing number of consumers seeking natural, nutrition-packed and convenient options. While nuts already have a wealth of research to support their various health benefits, two recent studies suggest nuts can improve cognitive function, when combined with the Mediterranean diet, and decrease risk of colorectal cancer in women.

A recent article online by JAMA Internal Medicine found supplementing the plant-based Mediterranean diet with antioxidant-rich extra virgin olive oil or mixed nuts was associated with improved cognitive function in a study of older adults in Spain.

The randomized clinical trial included 447 cognitively healthy volunteers (223 were women; average age was nearly 67 years) who were at high cardiovascular risk and were enrolled in the “Prevencion con Dieta Mediterranea" nutrition intervention.

Of the participants, 155 individuals were assigned to supplement a Mediterranean diet with one liter of extra virgin olive oil per week; 147 were assigned to supplement a Mediterranean diet with 30 g/d of a mix of walnuts, hazelnuts and almonds; and 145 individuals were assigned to follow a low-fat control diet.

The authors measured cognitive change over time with a battery of neuropsychological tests and also constructed three cognitive composites for memory, frontal (attention and executive function) and global cognition. After a median of four years of the intervention, follow-up tests were available on 334 participants.

At the end of the follow-up, there were 37 cases of mild cognitive impairment: 17 (13.4 percent) in the Mediterranean diet plus olive oil group; eight (7.1 percent) in the Mediterranean diet plus nuts group; and 12 (12.6 percent) in the low-fat control group. No dementia cases were documented in patients who completed study follow-up.

In addition, individuals assigned to the low-fat control diet had a significant decrease from baseline in all composites of cognitive function. Compared with the control group, the memory composite improved significantly in the Mediterranean diet plus nuts, while the frontal and global cognition composites improved in the Mediterranean diet plus olive oil group.

A different study, published online this month in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, found women who consumed a 1-oz serving of nuts, including tree nuts (such as almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamias, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios and walnuts),  two or more times per week had a 13 percent lower risk of colorectal cancer  (RR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.72-1.05; P=0.06) compared to those who rarely consumed nuts.  

The study evaluated 75,680 women in the Nurses’ Health Study, with no previous history of cancer.  

Previous research has shown that women in this same cohort, who consumed a 1-oz serving of nuts two or more times per week, had a significantly reduced risk of pancreatic cancer (RR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.47-0.92; P=0.007) compared to those who largely abstained from nuts.

“These findings are very encouraging," said Maureen Ternus, M.S., R.D., executive director of the International Tree Nut Council Nutrition Research & Education Foundation (INC NREF). “While we’ve known for years that 1.5 oz  (or 1/3 c) of nuts per day can help reduce the risk of heart disease, more and more research is showing the potential beneficial effect of nut consumption on other chronic diseases such as diabetes and cancer."

From INC Congress Channel

Nut & Dried Fruit Cartoons

 

FRUIT LOGISTICA 2015 Besana Geschichte

Die Besana Group wurde 1921 gegründet und ist heute in der vierten Generation im Besitz der Familie Calcagni, die bereits 1928 in das internationalen Handelsgeschehen einstieg. Erste Kontakte und Lieferungennach Deutschland, England, Schweden und Nordamerika legten die Weichen für eine spätere Zusammenarbeit mit einigender wichtigsten europäischen Handelsketten die teils bis heute fortbestehen (Ica (1928), Mark & Spencer (1934), Delhaize (1970) und Tesco).

Im Jahr 1988 gründete die auf den Export ausgerichtete Gruppe eine Niederlassung in England, um Kunden in der UK besser bedienen zu können. Anschließendging die Besana diverse joint ventures mit Partnern aus verschiedenen Ländern ein, erweiterte ihre Absatzmärkte und festigteeine immer engere Zusammenarbeit mit
internationalen Händlern, auch aus der Süßwarenindustrie (Ferrero, Nestlè, Ica, Colruyt und Delhaize, Mark & Spencer, Sainsbury‘s, Waitrose, Tesco, Barilla).
Schon 1990 stieg die Besana in das BioGeschäft ein und gehörte, vertreten durch den Präsidenten der Gruppe Giuseppe Calcagni, zu den Gründern der erfolgreichen Marke AlmaverdeBio. 2008 führte das Unternehmen die heute stark im Trend liegenden Goij Beeren in Europa ein, worauf 2010 der Erwerb der Schokoladenfabrik Vittoria Chocolatery Srl folgte. Neustens ist die Gruppe Besana mit bedeutsamen Lieferungen von Top Quality Produkten an die Gruppe Walmart in China vertreten.

Die von der Gruppe manövrierten Produktmengen stiegen von 2000 auf 2014 um 211%, wobei das Jahr 2014 mit einem Gesamtvolumen von 24.000 t und damit rund 12% mehr gegenüber 2013 abschloss.
Der Betrieb beschäftigt um die 400 Arbeiter und verfügt über insgesamt 35 Verpackungslinien, die pro Jahr geschätzte 100 Mio kleiner Produktportionen herstellt. Das Jahr 2014 schloss mit einem Umsatz von 171 Mio Euro ab, der einem Zuwachs von 19% gegenüber 2013 entspricht.

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Das Labor der Besana diente den eigenen Untersuchungen
und gilt als wegweisende Anlaufstelle für sichere Analysen
in Punkto Lebensmittelkontrolle

International Business Times

US Dietary Guidelines Recommend Diet Rich In Vegetables, Fruits And Nut And Less Meat

By  Saranya on February 24 2015 11:43 AM

Low-meat diet rich in fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts, legumes and seeds is recommended by The 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. The Scientific Report of the Committee is submitted to the Secretaries of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Agriculture in February 2015.

The guidelines recommend limitation of sugar intake to 200 calories per day as it is much of a current concern, than cholesterol, says the report. Fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts, legumes and seeds are recommended in diet as they are more health promoting and are associated with less environmental impacts than high meat diet. It is to be noted that it is the first time that the committee has quoted environmental impacts in the guidelines.

It is not necessary to eliminate any of the food groups completely, say the guidelines, but encourages taking in quite a lot of vegetables, fruits and kind. No restrictions in the consumption of egg are established unlike last time it recommended cholesterol limitation by cutting down egg intake. As there are no reliable evidences to back up restriction of cholesterol in the diet, the committee hasn’t set any limitations to fat intake but suggests eating less saturated fat.

For the first time ever, the committee recommends moderate coffee drinking as there are evidences on healthy impacts of taking three to five cups of coffee a day in diabetes and heart disease. Pregnant women are recommended to limit their coffee intake to two cups a day. The guidelines recommend moderation in consumption of alcohol. The committee encourages public opinion on the dietary guidelines to provide written comments through midnight of April 8, 2015, and an opportunity to attend a public meeting to hear or provide oral comments on March 24, 2015. The registration for the meeting would be opened around March 9, 2015, according to health.gov

Maureen Ternus, M.S., R.D.

Executive Director
International Tree Nut Council
Nutrition Research & Education Foundation
2413 Anza Avenue
Davis, CA  95616
Ph: 530-297-5895
Web: nuthealth.org
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