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General information

The grape vine is an adaptable plant that grows well in a very dry climate; heavy rain can damage the harvest. The grape (also known as a berry) is the fruit of the plant. Grapes are small and grow in large bunches. They are light in colour (yellow, golden yellow or green) in the case of green grapes, or dark in colour (pink, purple, or black). Grapes are mainly used for wine production, known as wine grapes, but also for edible use as fresh and dried grapes. Any kind of grape which has undergone a drying process is called a raisin, while sultanas are the result of drying only certain varieties. Sultanas are prepared from specific fresh grapes eliminating most of the water content. Some of the most prolific producers of dried grapes are Greece, Asia, Spain, Italy, California and Chile.

Health Benefits

Each grape provides vitamins B1, B2, niacin and vitamin C, as well as minerals magnesium, calcium, potassium, iron, phosphorus and iodine, and a complex of bioactive substances (polyphenols) that contribute in the regulating of cardiac function and digestion. The best known property of grapes is undoubtedly resveratrol, a powerful antioxidant that lowers blood sugar.


  • Sultana raisin (Turkey)
  • Currants (Greece)
  • Smyrne raisin (Turkey)
  • Malaga raisin (Spain)
  • Zibibbo raisin (Italy, Chile)



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